Special Report

Special Report

New Malaysia:
100 days later

A look back at Harapan's first 100 days in power

Malaysiakini, 17 August 2018

After winning the 14th general election, Pakatan Harapan has been scrutinised closely over its ability to fulfil its election pledges. While seeking to chart its own course, it has had to deal with issues from the previous administration, including the 1MDB saga. Here, we revisit Harapan's first 100 days in power.

Day 0

  • May 9

  • Harapan wins GE14

    BN loses federal power for the first time in Malaysian history. In the 14th general election, Pakatan Harapan wins 113 out of 222 parliamentary seats, enabling the coalition to form the federal government with a simple majority.

    Read more

Day 1

  • May 10

  • Dr M sworn in as PM

    Harapan chairperson Dr Mahathir Mohamad is sworn in as prime minister, marking the start of his second stint in office.

    Read more

Day 3

  • May 12

  • Najib resigns as Umno, BN chief

    Former premier Najib Abdul Razak announces his resignation as head of Umno and BN.

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  • Dr M bars Najib from leaving country

    Najib and wife Rosmah Mansor are placed on the Immigration Department travel blacklist, amid leaked flight plans to Jakarta. Mahathir confirms the next day that he issued the order.

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  • Council of Eminent Persons formed

    Mahathir announces the formation of a special council to advise the government.

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  • First three ministers named

    The prime minister names the first three cabinet appointees, for the home, defence and finance portfolios: Bersatu president Muhyiddin Yassin, Amanah president Mohamad Sabu, and DAP secretary-general Lim Guan Eng respectively.

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Day 6

  • May 15

  • Auditor-general's report on 1MDB declassified

    The 1MDB audit report is unsealed on Mahathir's orders, two years after it was placed under the Official Secrets Act 1972.

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Day 7

  • May 16

  • Anwar receives royal pardon, released from prison

    PKR de facto leader Anwar Ibrahim is released after serving over three years for a sodomy charge, following a full royal pardon.

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  • Najib-linked properties searched by cops

    Over two days, scores of police officers search properties linked to Najib as part of a 1MDB probe. This includes the ex-premier's private residence at Jalan Langgak Duta and three condominium units in Pavilion Residences, Kuala Lumpur.

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Day 8

  • May 17

  • Dr M takes education portfolio, then drops it

    Mahathir's decision to assume the role of education minister is greeted by reminders from the opposition about Harapan's manifesto promise that the prime minister will not take other ministerships. He subsequently relinquishes the portfolio the next day.

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Day 12

  • May 21

  • First batch of Harapan ministers sworn in

    The Harapan government is installed, with the country's first female deputy prime minister Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail leading 13 cabinet ministers in the swearing-in ceremony before the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

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  • PM announces national debt now more than RM1 trillion

    Mahathir claims the country's debt has passed the RM1 trillion mark, which is nearly double what was claimed by previous administration.

    Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng later says that this includes "hidden debts" such as government guarantee payments and lease payments for public-private partnership projects.

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Day 19

  • May 28

  • KL-Singapore HSR scrapped, then postponed

    Mahathir declares Putrajaya's decision to scrap the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail project is final, after telling the media that the "unnecessary project" would be dropped. However, he later says in June that the project was merely postponed.

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Day 21

  • May 30

  • Gov't sets up Tabung Harapan

    Mahathir introduces the Tabung Harapan Malaysia (Hope Fund) for Malaysians wishing to help the country settle its debts. As of Aug 16, the fund has collected almost RM178 million.

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Day 22

  • May 31

  • MRT3 scrapped

    The prime minister announces that the MRT circle line project, or MRT3, will be terminated. It was previously estimated that the project would cost between RM40 billion and RM50 billion.

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Day 23

  • Jun 1

  • Zero-rated GST begins

    The Finance Ministry had announced on May 16 that the GST rate would be reduced from six to zero percent effective June 1.

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Day 26

  • Jun 4

  • Tommy Thomas appointed as new AG

    The Yang di-Pertuan Agong consents to Tommy Thomas' appointment as attorney-general, following reports of a stand-off between the palace and the government over the choice of a non-Muslim for the position.

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Day 27

  • Jun 5

  • Guan Eng wants Najib to answer for RM9.4b SSER project

    Finance minister Lim Guan Eng reveals that his predecessor released RM8.25 billion – 87.7 percent of the cost – for two oil and gas pipeline projects undertaken by Finance Ministry subsidiary Suria Strategic Energy Resources (SSER), despite little actual work being carried out.

    Lim also establishes that several personalities involved in SSER are linked to former 1MDB subsidiary SRC International Sdn Bhd.

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Day 29

  • Jun 7

  • Top judges Raus and Zulkefli resign

    Chief Justice Md Raus Sharif and Court of Appeal president Zulkefli Ahmad Makinudin submit resignation letters to Yang di-Pertuan Agong. Their resignations are scheduled to take effect on July 31.

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Day 33

  • Jun 11

  • Dr M gears up for national car 3.0

    Mahathir tells a Japanese conference that Malaysia is mulling over a new national car project. It is later reported that several Japanese carmarkers are being sought for assistance.

    Entrepreneur Development Minister Mohd Redzuan Yusof says on Jul 4 that the government is set to launch the new project by 2020.

    On June 29, Mahathir also moots the possibility of a Malaysian-Indonesian car for the Asean market.

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Day 45

  • Jun 23

  • BN reduced to 3 parties after Gerakan's departure

    Gerakan becomes the tenth party to leave BN, following in the footsteps of the coalition's East Malaysian allies, and MyPPP. As such, only three parties remain with BN: Umno, MCA and MIC.

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Day 49

  • Jun 27

  • Police reveal RM686m haul from Najib-linked properties

    Police say items seized during a May raid on properties linked to the former premier have a total value of RM686.37 million, with an estimated market value of up to RM1.1 billion.

    This included 272 handbags (with 295 more to be valued), 423 watches, more than 10,000 pieces of jewellery, and RM116.7 million in cash.

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  • Najib visits Malaysiakini for the first time

    The former premier, who had withdrawn a 2014 defamation suit against Malaysiakini a week earlier, comes to the news portal's office in Petaling Jaya for an interview. Among issues discussed are items seized from his properties, 1MDB, and GE14.

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Day 54

  • Jun 30

  • Zahid elected Umno president

    Former deputy prime minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi is elected as Umno president, beating former party youth chief Khairy Jamaluddin and party veteran Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah. He is later selected in July as parliamentary opposition leader.

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Day 54

  • Jul 2

  • Second batch of Harapan ministers sworn in

    Thirteen ministers are sworn in, including the youngest cabinet member in Malaysian history, Syed Saddiq Abdul Rahman, who takes the youth and sports portfolio.

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Day 55

  • Jul 3

  • MACC arrests Najib at his residence

    The former premier is arrested at his Jalan Langgak Duta residence and brought to MACC's Putrajaya headquarters for questioning in relation to its probe into SRC International, a former 1MDB subsidiary.

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  • ECRL, SSER pipeline projects told to suspend all works immediately

    The Finance Ministry, via MoF Inc, issues a work suspension notice for all contracts related to the East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) and two SSER pipeline projects. Putrajaya says ECRL's actual cost is RM81 billion, which is 47 percent more than the RM55 billion price tag claimed by previous administration.

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Day 56

  • Jul 4

  • Najib claims trial to four charges

    Najib claims trial to one graft, three CBT charges for allegedly receiving RM42 million from SRC International. He pleads not guilty to all charges and leaves court after his family posts half of his RM1 million bail.

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Day 63

  • Jul 11

  • Richard Malanjum becomes first East Malaysian CJ

    Richard Malanjum is sworn in as the new chief justice, becoming the first person from the Borneo states to be appointed to Malaysia’s highest judicial post. Meanwhile, Ahmad Maarop is sworn in as Court of Appeal president.

    Their predecessors were reportedly asked to vacate their posts with immediate effect.

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Day 64

  • Jul 12

  • Putrajaya greenlights LRT3 after halving cost​​​​​​​

    Government approves continuation of the LRT3 project after the final cost is slashed by 47 percent to RM16.63 billion.

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Day 68

  • Jul 16

  • Opposition MPs stage walkout over speaker's appointment

    The first Dewan Rakyat sitting since GE14 gets off to a rocky start when oppositions MPs walk out of speaker Mohamad Ariff Md Yusof's swearing-in ceremony, on grounds that his appointment did not comply with standing orders to submit the application 14 days before the first sitting begins.

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  • PM says Harapan manifesto “not a bible”

    The coalition's election manifesto does not need to be followed to the letter, and should serve as a guide instead, says the premier.

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Day 69

  • Jul 17

  • 'Sila duduk, jangan lari': Agong mocks walkout

    The House is left in stitches when the Yang di-Pertuan Agong tells the lawmakers to ""sit down and don't run away"" in reference to the previous day's walkout, before making his opening speech during the new Parliament session.

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  • Eight new senators sworn in

    These include DAP's Liew Chin Tong and Hindraf chief P Waythamoothy, who together with three other new senators are subsequently appointed to cabinet.

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Day 70

  • Jul 18

  • Backbencher first to receive the boot

    DAP Bukit Gelugor MP Ramkarpal Singh is ejected from the Dewan Rakyat by the speaker for refusing to retract his statement describing Umno Youth members as ""gangsters (samseng).”

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Day 87

  • Aug 4

  • Harapan wins first by-election after GE14

    Harapan retains the Sungai Kandis state seat in Selangor with a majority of 5,842 votes, in a by-election that's seen as a test for post-GE14 voter sentiments towards the new federal administration.

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Day 88

  • Aug 5

  • Anwar wins PKR presidency uncontested

    The PKR de facto leader wins the party presidency uncontested at the close of nominations for central party positions.

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Day 90

  • Aug 7

  • Equanimity arrives in Port Klang

    The long-elusive superyacht, allegedly purchased with 1MDB funds, docks at Port Klang after Indonesia agrees to hand the yacht over to Malaysia. Mahathir tours the boat four days later and calls it "super luxurious".

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Day 91

  • Aug 8

  • Najib slapped with more charges

    The prosecution lays three money laundering charges on former premier in relation to SRC International, with previous four charges being amended.

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  • Guan Eng: Audit reveals RM19b in GST refunds 'misused'

    The finance minister tells the Dewan Rakyat that there is an RM18 billion shortfall in GST refunds, which he claimed was misused by the previous administration. The next day, he clarifies the shortfall was higher than previously disclosed, amounting to RM19.248 billion.

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  • PMO heist: RM3.5m taken from Najib's office on night of election

    MACC arrests 17 security personnel at the Prime Minister's Department, who allegedly took RM3.5 million from Najib's office on the night of May 9 upon sensing BN's impending defeat. All 17 are eventually released on bail.

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  • Mujahid orders LGBT activist photos to be taken down from exhibition

    Minister in the Prime Minister's Department in charge of religious affairs, Mujahid Yusof Rawa, confirms that his department gave the order for two photos of LGBT activists to be taken down from a Merdeka-themed exhibition at the George Town Festival in Penang.

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Day 96

  • Aug 13

  • BTN and National Service abolished, Youth Ministry to take over

    Youth and Sports Minister Syed Saddiq Abdul Rahman announces that the National Civics Bureau (BTN) and National Service programmes will be abolished and replaced with a substitute programme in line with the Constitution and Rukun Negara.

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  • Harapan pledges that require constitutional amendments put on hold

    The prime minister says election pledges that require constitutional amendments, such as a two-term limit for the premiership, may have to be postponed, as Harapan does not have the necessary two-thirds majority in Parliament.

    However, he adds that the coalition will seek the opposition's support for such pledges.

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Day 97

  • Aug 14

  • Behind closed doors, Dr M admits tough time over 'thick' manifesto

    Mahathir tells a gathering of Harapan MPs that the coalition is facing a tough time over its ""thick"" manifesto, as some promises were made without the expectation of winning GE14.

    He adds that the coalition must now do its best to fulfil its promises or find proper justifications for those that cannot be met.

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Day 99

  • Aug 16

  • Anti-Fake News Act repealed

    The Dewan Rakyat approves a bill to repeal the controversial Anti-Fake News Act through a voice vote.

    The act, which was passed in April, had been denounced as a tool to silence dissent and muzzle news on the 1MDB scandal.

    Read more


  • Written by Koh Aun Qi
  • Designed by Sean Ho
  • Edited by Nigel Aw & Tracy Toh
  • Videos compiled by Daniel Anthony

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